Battle of New Orleans 1815 – War of 1812 DOCUMENTARY

Battle of New Orleans 1815 – War of 1812 DOCUMENTARY

While British historians often view the War
of 1812 as just one theatre of the larger Napoleonic Wars, it stands alone as a conflict
in both American and Canadian history. Its most famous battle, The Battle of New Orleans,
was also its last and featured one of the most important America military leaders – Andrew
Jackson, who led an outnumbered and undisciplined ragtag force against the world’s strongest
military. Being at war with the Napoleonic France for
a long time, Britain, started pressing American merchant sailors into the service, forcing
them to join the Royal Navy. Burgeoning United States considered this illegal and threatened
to retaliate, but as Britain needed these sailors to reinforce a blockade of France,
the practice continued. Both that and the blockade of France had a negative effect on
the American economy. Meanwhile, as the Americans expanded westward,
they faced Native American nations who fought back to defend their land. The British became
allies to these Native American nations, seeing them as a buffer to its Canadian colonies,
and provided them with weapons. As attacks on American settlers on the frontier increased,
more and more of them began to blame Britain. American war hawks proclaimed the need for
the new country to defend its national honor. On June 4, 1812, Congress declared war on
Britain, and despite the fact many New England representatives strongly opposing the war,
on June 18th President Madison signed the declaration. Britain was caught off guard
by this, as their forces in Canada were not prepared and the country was mostly preoccupied
with the war with France. Luckily for the British, the American forces were not prepared
either. In 1812, the United States had an army of less than 12,000 soldiers. While Congress
had approved the expansion of the army to 35,000, service was voluntary, the pay was
little, the army had few experienced officers and many did not want to join because they
didn’t support the war. Still, they were the first to attack, assuming
Canada would go down without much of a fight. Michigan’s territorial governor, William
Hull, led American forces into Canada, but mostly fought with words rather than artillery,
threatening the locals with a proclamation that stated to surrender or the “horrors,
and calamities of war will stalk before you.” However, on August 16th, British and Native
forces led by Isaac Brock and Chief Tecumseh of the Shawnee confederation attacked Hull’s
forces at Detroit, forcing him to surrender without firing a shot.
The War of 1812 took place in three theatres: the Great Lakes region, along the East Coast,
and in the South. The Americans found little success in all three theatres. In the Great
Lakes region, after Hull’s embarrassing defeat, his replacement, William Henry Harrison,
struggled to defend a few frontier outposts constantly under threat from both Native American
and British forces. On the northeastern border with Canada, American general Henry Dearborn
struggled to prepare an attack on Montreal due to New England militias not wanting to
fight in the war. Whenever American forces did cross the border, they were often pushed
back. Dearborn was replaced with generals James Wilkinson and Wade Hampton, but their
complicated and invasion plan of Montreal completely fell apart in November 1813.
Out west, though, American luck had begun to change, as General Oliver Hazard Perry
was able to capture Lake Erie in the Battle of Put-in-Bay, fought on September 10, 1813.
This paved the way for General Harrison to take back control of Detroit, defeating Major-General
Henry Procter and his British and Native American forces at the Battle of the Thames on October
5, 1813.Tecumseh was killed during the battle, and it completely demoralized his Shawnee
confederation. In the South, influenced by the resistance
of Tecumseh and his confederation, Native American forces continued to build up to unite
to fight the American forces. The main conflict became known as the Creek War, led by a traditionalist
faction of the Creek nation known as the Red Sticks. Ultimately, American forces led by
General Andrew Jackson defeated the Red Sticks at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend in present-day
Alabama on March 27, 1814. This ended the Creek War.
Meanwhile, along the East Coast, the British Royal Navy was dominating. Throughout the
war, they had set up a blockade from Maine all the way down to Georgia. In April 1814,
after Napoleon went into exile, Britain was able to focus more on defeating the Americans,
sending thousands more troops to North America. British forces led by Major-General Robert
Ross took over Chesapeake Bay and took the U.S. capital – Washington on August 24, 1814,
famously burning government buildings like the Capitol and the President’s home to
the ground. As Americans fled the capital, troops gathered
at nearby Fort McHenry to attempt to defend against any further British advances. During
the Battle of Baltimore in September 1814, American forces held back both sea and land
invasions by the British, killing Major-General Ross in process. This resistance eventually
inspired Francis Scott Key to create a poem which later became the lyrics for The Star-Spangled
Banner – the national anthem of the United States.
By this time, peace negotiations were already underway in the city of Ghent, in modern-day
Belgium. On Christmas Eve, 1814, a deal was struck to end the war. However, the news of
that would not reach America until a few weeks later and British forces were well on their
way to the city of New Orleans, a strategically important port city located where the Mississippi
River meets the Gulf of Mexico. Capturing it would have allowed them to take over the
Louisiana Territory. Britain had sent sixty ships with approximately 14,450 soldiers and
sailors aboard, all under the command of Admiral Sir Alexander Cochrane.
On the other side, was Andrew Jackson, who by this time had become one of the most successful
if not the most successful American leaders of the war. When he had first arrived to New
Orleans, he found the city completely defenseless. He immediately declared martial law and collected
civilians to garrison the outskirts of the city. The army he built was mostly made up
of untrained militiamen and volunteers. It was a ragtag bunch which included free blacks,
New Orleans aristocrats, and members of the native Choctaw nation. His troops were so
diverse that orders had to be given in English, French, Spanish, and Choctaw.
The night before the peace treaty was signed, Jackson led his 2,131 men in a surprise attack
on British camp nine miles south of New Orleans. Completely unwitting British troops. Managed
to fight off Jackson’s forces, 46 of their soldiers were killed, 167 wounded, and 64
missing. Jackson’s attack had shocked them. They expected a quick victory with their superior,
experienced forces, but everything looked more complicated now.
The British responded with a sortie on December 28 and artillery bombardment on New Year’s
Day. Both failed due to successful American counterfire. By the early days of January,
reinforcements had arrived for both sides, with the British soldiers now over 8,000-strong
and Jackson’s troops numbering 4,732. Jackson’s men built up fortifications near the Rodriguez
Canal, which branched off the Mississippi River and was about five miles south of New
Orleans. Jackson used slaves to widen the canal into a defensive trench and used the
extra dirt to build a seven-foot tall rampart supported by timber. This barrier, nicknamed
“Line Jackson,” stretched from the Mississippi to the marsh, which was next to impossible
to get through. Jackson told his soldiers, “Here we shall plant our stakes, and not
abandon them until we drive these red-coat rascals into the river, or the swamp.”
Despite the imposing fortifications, the confident British Lieutenant General Edward Pakenham
planned a two-part frontal attack. The first part involved a small British force crossing
the west bank of the Mississippi and taking over an American battery. After getting those
guns, the plan was to turn them on the Americans, catching the defense in a barrage of crossfire.
The second part involved a force of 5,000 men charging forward in two columns to overwhelm
the main American line at the Rodriguez Canal. Seeing heavy fog on the morning of January
8, Pakenham decided that was the day to execute his plan just before dawn. His main force
charged toward the canal near the swamp. They were met by shots from Jackson’s 24 canons.
Along the riverbank, Colonel Robert Rennie advanced forces, dominating over an American
redoubt. Before Rennie could claim victory, however, he was shot dead and his men frantically
retreated. Unluckily for the British, the fog quickly lifted, giving American gunners
clear sight of the enemy forces. Cannon fire successfully split the British line in several
places. Jackson’s soldiers, many of them hunters of the frontier, fired with stunning
precision. Pakenham, who was up front with his forces, was a victim of that accuracy.
He was hit and died minutes later. The lead British commander on the battlefield was now
gone as well. Meanwhile, the British force who was supposed
to take over the American battery were delayed. They captured it and were moderately successful
at taking out some American troops, but by that time it was too late. At Line Jackson,
the British soldiers were retreating in huge numbers. The British attack on Jackson’s
fortification was a failure and they lost around 2,000 men, including three generals
and seven colonels. The whole battle last less than 30 minutes. Jackson’s underdog
unit lost less than 70 men. The British army remained in Louisiana for
several days. After its naval force failed to take Fort St. Philip on January 18, the
British had to retreat back to the Gulf of Mexico. Soon, both sides had finally received
the message that a peace treaty had already been signed.
The Battle of New Orleans was the final major battle of the War of 1812 and is often considered
the most important battle of the war, despite being fought after a peace treaty was negotiated.
The battle was significant for the Americans, as they were huge underdogs in Louisiana,
and expected the worst. This victory raised the profile of Andrew Jackson, who now was
a national hero. And while most historians conclude today that the War of 1812 was a
stalemate, it felt like a victory to Americans after the victory at New Orleans. In fact,
this victory increased national pride to a level it hadn’t seen since first becoming
a country, and the popularity of Jackson would escalate him to the presidency 14 years later.
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  1. The War of 1812 was an absolute victory for the US. For the US to take on the most powerful nation in the world at that time and fight them to a draw, is in itself, a victory.
    But, the real victory was that after that war, Britain and Europe treated the US as an established country. Before that war, much of the world expected the US to fold or disintegrate. The fact that the US stayed united during the war, and then was able to humiliate British veteran troops that outnumbered them, proved that the US was a dangerous nation to fight.
    No world power started or even threatened war against the US until Japan foolishly did that in 1941.

  2. There were some other battles fought around New York, one battle had General Winfield Scott leading a detachment that the British mistook for a militia unit due to their uniform's grey color. Their lines held and the British forces were driven off. There was also a battle at Plattsburg and on Lake Champaign, which were also American victories.

  3. For the record. The Treaty of Ghent did not end this war, because the treaty had yet to be ratified by Congress. But more importantly, the British commander had secret orders to proceed with the invasion even if he received news of a peace deal. It was a spectacular victory at a critical time. And if they had taken New Orleans they would have had a total chokehold on the American economy and good reason to continue the war. They would also have had control of the Mississippi and been able to link up with their forces in Canada.

  4. The British empire at one time ruled 1/4 of the world now the empire is the size of Michigan we as Americans kicked the British empires ass twice then we saved it twice so as far as im concerned the British empire can eat a giant bag of Dicks.

  5. >Declare an aggressive war of expansion
    >Fail in the war goal to take said land
    >Claim victory as the underdog defending against being invaded

    … by the country you tried to take land from

  6. Like the way anericans celebrate a holiday that had no americans init thanksgiving was indians and brits and also the usa wouldnt even exsist without us so pffff 4 july has no meaning haaaahaaa

  7. The region of Tecumseh's confederacy did not include the northern plains. It consisted of the Old Northwest, centered in Indiana.

  8. It was the most important battle of the war because had the British won, there’s a good chance that the treaty would have been violated by the British and the war would have continued to return the colonies to the British empire.

  9. While the Video is really good, it’s quite far from the truth to call the British Army the “best in the world”, as they were not at the time. France and even Prussia (who’s army had declined in that century) had better armies than Britain. Britain’s navy was the best by far but that was not the army

  10. The British army was very powerful and well trained. They have defeated the Napoleon army and conquered the USA capital Washington DC. The USA army wasn't as strong and well trained as the British army. I think the British could have reconquered the USA. The bad thing about the British army is their red uniforms that makes them an easy target.

  11. Great 1000 foot Birdseye view of a very complicated battle. I recommend Andrew Jackson and the Miracle of New Orleans, written by Brian Limeade and Don Yaeger if you want a deep dive.

  12. Makes you wonder is their a country in North America or South America that the parasitic Imperialists haven't invaded or meddled in?

  13. No Canadians at new Orleans that was all Brits the home guard didn't care about the USA except as they impinged on their farms and towns

  14. This must've been a Crazy time to have been alive, foreign armies coming towards your Home you look out the window like….
    Ohh Dam…Grab my musket Babe!

  15. Omg the British are so evil they burned down the Capital, The White House and so many other things completely unprovoked and looted the city it’s not like America did that to them in the war

    The Sacking of York:

    (Slowly looks away meme)

  16. It’s interesting that my 1980’s era Canadian history book said Canada was the winner of the war, but my cousin’s US history book said that the US was the winner. From my Canadian perspective, the US attacked Canada which was successfully defended, and a successful defence is a win. In any event, a great video and thanks!

  17. Tecumseh was NOT on the Great Plains nor was he in the Rocky Mountains. He was in the Great Lakes (Michigan, Ohio, Indiana, etc.)

  18. i criticize this first you say the Americans are un trained un disciplined than later they become sharp shooting frontiers men, we're they not in the beggining?

  19. I would rather see the far more critically acclaimed battle to defend Washington. New Orleans was just a looting expedition that went horribly wrong and had no bearing on the war's outcome. The burning of Washington did.

  20. Can you do a video about the French and Indian war also make more videos about individuals like you did with Thomas Cochran’s. I really enjoyed it like all your content.

  21. YouTube you have gone way too fucking far you ignorant pieces of shit you are not BIG brother you don’t get to decide what is and is not appropriate and I hope you go bankrupt

  22. The last battle of the war that did not define the war. It is said it was a War that both sides could claim they won but only the Native Indians lost. It would have been better to show smaller icons for the British Army in Canada as there was only ONE MAN for every mile of the border along their 1500 mile frontier. This War although considered minor in European Standards was where the Canadian Identity was minted and without the local French Indian and Canadian settlers support the war would have been a defeat for the British as the American Army was TEN TIMES the size of the British army stationed there in spite of your assertions that it was the worlds most powerful. They were simply not enough of them present in Canada to be effective at all. It was a miracle of blunders that kept Canada from falling into America's Manifest Destiny.

  23. “We fired our guns and the British kep a-comin'
    There wasn't nigh as many as there was a while ago
    We fired once more and they begin to runnin'
    On down the Mississippi to the Gulf of Mexico” 🇺🇸🇺🇸

  24. I loved this episode, one of my ancestors fought under Andrew Jackson and even married another ancestor from the Choctaw tribe after. That however was the battle of pensacola. I wold love for you guys to cover that dispute with spain pleasssee

  25. Southern Louisiana is pretty shitty place to fight. Swamps in the winter and summer are just miserable places to be. I would argue that local experience with the terrain played a big part in the fight.

  26. I love so much that its devin narrating this😂😂
    Although. As an "american" (really there isnt anything else to say. Illinoisan doesnt sound nearly as good as like. Texan😂😅)
    I wouldve preffered a more brittish take on it. I literally only get to hear one side and while i can absolutely go look this up elsewhere. I like devins voice more than ink and pixels.

  27. "war was a stalemate"? In what reality? The British were kicked back across the pond and never tried to falsely impress American sailors again. Talk about making excuses for kidnapping American citizens! You can tell the video was made by the British…

  28. I would really like that if you make more North American wars. Some other great wars could be:
    – The Franco-Iroquois Wars of 1660-1701
    – Nine Years War in America
    – Spanish Succession War in America
    – Austrian Succession War in America
    among other, which the public may not be much educated about.

  29. Hmm. No mention of the sack of York (capital of Upper Canada), the reason why Ross was ordered to sack Washington (Note that, unlike in the sack of York, only government buildings in Washington were sacked).

  30. When a siege is so epic that it inspired one bloke to write a poem that will eventually become the national anthem of a nation.
    wew lmao

  31. This video is biased. The 1812-1815 was not a stalemate. Simply british wad tired of wars after napoleon and had no interest and finance resources to wage war for that time. Nevertheless, they took the enemie's capital and avoid them to enter Canada. Not to say about the naval blockade that was not seriously militarily contested during the conflict. The video did not say tha U.S. government was not only interest in moving west, toward indian territories, but also north to take british land in Canada. The latter objective was a failure since the U.S. did not conquer a single piece of land as, instead, the fight was brought to U.S. territory. Besides, the english took Detroit for a period of time and left it for lack of support to move forward. Stalemate?

  32. God bless those Southerners. Jackson was leading the Dirty Shirts(Tennessee and Kentucky Militia). Parkingham the British Admiral lead the biggest invasion force to hit our shores. Also thank God for the Lafayette Brothers(pirates) that had lead and gunpowder because Jackson had very little after they defeated the Spanish and Seminoles in Florida. Jackson also had a ball inside him and I think Malaria. Those men from the South influenced the Architecture in the Garden District that was built by those Dirty Shirts after the War. They migrated from Tennessee and New Orleans's. Parkingham was wounded and he ordered his Bugler to sound another attack. The Bugler was shot and killed during his Bulging the Attack. Parkingham at that moment decided to retreat and not attack. I wrote a 20 Paragraph paper in College about the battle and Jackson's March from Florida. I lived in the French Quarter for a few months and New Orleans has so much History so it was easy to find endless material on the City and the Battle. Just remember Jackson didn't lead a Federal Army. He lead Volunteers from mainly Tennessee and about a third of his Militia was from Kentucky. This is one of the reasons why Tennessee is called the Volunteer State along with the Alamo. More men from Tennessee died at the Alamo than any other state. But there was at least one man from every state in the Country at the Alamo. The Orange of the University of Tennessee is the Color of the stripes on the Gray Uniforms of the First Army of the Tennessee in the Civil War. They coined the saying "No Surrender. Fight until we die". They almost all died.

  33. The war of 1812 ended with no territorial changes? Honestly can you tell me how this is so? The Canadian border was moved and is still maintained 50 miles in a few cases, and just a few miles in most cases further south. The Treaty of Ghent saw the USA cede complete control of the northern ends of ALL the great lakes to Canada, and you say no territorial gains were made!!

  34. As generally pointless and grossly wasteful of lives as this particular war was (with no major territorial exchanges, and comming, as it did, too late to influence the conflict in Europe) wouldn't it have been almost worse for the British if they had won in New Orleans, only to have to hand the city back, due to the treaty?

    It's bad enough dying while failing to capture a city, in a war that's already over. But it seems slightly more pointless, dying while capturing a city your side will then have to hand back, in a war that's already over.

  35. The British never had any plan to honor the peace treaty. If the Americans had not won the battle of New Orleans they would not have left.

  36. A nice graphic and animation story but way to many errors. One that no else mentioned was that American capital and executive home (White House) were not burned to the ground. A rain storm largely saved the buildings. It's why the executive's home became the "White House" – to cover the burn marks.

  37. Takes the hill and realizes everyone running away

    o shit we should run 2

    America: freedom is nonnegotiable

    English puts gun in chest America replies with a blunder burst to Englend face

  38. Interesting. One thing though , he says at the end.. oh the war was seen as a stalemate by many historians. But seemed like an American victory. SEEMED LIKE? Hey.. The British were trying to take over America and bring it back into their control.. they did NOT succeed. They finally had to admit defeat and sail back to Britain. so HOW was it NOT an American victory? It finally got the British out of the United States for the last time. a stalemate? please

  39. They also forget to include Militia units that had formed from Kentucky, Tennessee , and other states that had come there to help. They were tired of the British. Now the British and Americans are friends..but back then.. not so much. Odd too that this video is as USUAL by A BRITISH speaking narrator

  40. Good video, but it was Great Britain not the United Kingdom.

    I’d also suggest the most significant battle was the Battle of Bladensburg, which opened the door of to the capital

  41. White boys always arming proxy native armies (ISIS Bin Laden etc) than blaming them for violence and killing them?…Go Figure

  42. Could do a complete video on just nature affecting this war. Hurricane, tornado's, fog lifting, flash floods of rivers. British troops wrote that "It was like providence itself was against us".Virginia hurricanes are rare, as are tornado's, both the same day are incredible.

  43. Historians say the war of 1812 was a stalemate. The British was the most powerful army at the time and the ragtag Americans held them. No wonder the Americans considered the war a victory. I would.

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