Battle of Mohacs 1526 – Ottoman Wars DOCUMENTARY

Battle of Mohacs 1526 – Ottoman Wars DOCUMENTARY


By 1522, the great Christian fortress of Rhodes
had been taken, and the Ottomans had regained dominance in the Mediterranean Sea, so all
their resources could now be redirected towards the
mainland. Their target was the Kingdom of Hungary, a
fragile land rife with internal chaos – a nation ripe for the picking. Welcome to our video on the Battle of Mohacs,
one of the most significant clashes in the history of Europe. This video was sponsored by Vikings War of
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extremely useful for the start! It had been the ambition of the Ottomans to
conquer the heartlands of Europe ever since Sultan
Mehmed II. Suleyman I knew that the Kingdom of Hungary
was the door that would lead them into the core of Christendom, and with the
current political climate in Europe, the Hungarians would receive little to no aid against this
pending Turkish invasion. Suleyman’s reign began with the conquest
of the Hungarian controlled city of Belgrade in 1521. With the fall of Rhodes in 1522 he was able
to refocus his resources back onto mainland Europe. Europe was a divided continent whose great
powers were locked in perpetual feuds. Among
these were the Kingdom of France, and the Holy Roman Empire, ruled by the Charles V
of the famous Habsburg dynasty. These states were too engaged in a struggle
over control of Italy to pay mind to the Muslim empire at their doorstep. This was something the Ottomans intended to
exploit to their advantage. In 1525, the Habsburgs of Spain and Germany
crushed a French army at Pavia, and captured the
French King, Francis I. Francis was forced to make territorial concessions to the Habsburgs
and relinquish his claims to Italy. And out of desperation, France began looking
for an ally to aid in their struggle against the Habsburgs. Francis turned to the Ottomans. He implored Suleyman for an alliance and pleaded
for him to attack the Habsburgs. This sent shockwaves throughout Europe. Suleyman was delighted at the
prospect, for an alliance with France increased his legitimacy as a European Emperor, and
gave him a pretext to carry out an invasion he
had planned on leading anyways. In order for the Ottomans to strike at Habsburg
territory like the French wished, they would need
to first go through Hungary. This new alliance gave Suleyman extra incentive
to finish what he’d started in 1521, and begin rallying his army
for an invasion of the Hungarian Kingdom. It is here we should turn the clock back a
bit to explain the state of Hungary leading up to the
Ottoman invasion. Since 1490, the country had been stuck in
a downward spiral. King Vladislaus
II was an ineffective king who sought to placate his nobility by selling almost all his Royal Estates to them, but succeeded only in empowering
the Hungarian magnates to take advantage of his weakness. Centralized power declined, and the standing
army of Hungary was disbanded by the lords, eager to increase their own profits. Things only became worse in 1514, when a man
at arms named György Dózsa formed a peasant Crusade of 40,000 farmers, originally intended
to attack the Ottomans. During harvest season,
the Hungarian nobles tried to force the peasants to return to their homes, and harassed their
families to coerce them to do so. All that accomplished was to incite the peasants
into full-scale revolt, resulting in a war that would ravage
all Hungary. The rebellion was brutally put down by
the Voivode of Transylvania, John Zapolya, and over 70,000 peasants would be captured
and tortured in the aftermath. The young King Louis II ascended to the Hungarian
throne in 1516, and over time realized the threat the Ottomans posed to his realm’s
existence. His pleas for unity fell upon deaf ears, for
the peasants, lords, and royal house of Hungary
all had enmity for one another. The land was
divided, and vulnerable. On the 23rd of April, 1526, Sultan Suleyman
I left Constantinople at the head of a massive army,
accompanied by his most trusted vizier Ibrahim Pasha. Varying sources put the total numbers of
this force between 50,000 to 100,000. It was made up of labourers, cavalry and elite
Janissaries alongside 300 cannon. The Ottomans embarked upon an 80-day march
up the Balkans, during which torrential rains flooded the Danube river, making maintaining
of supply lines difficult. Nevertheless, through the
iron discipline of the vizier Ibrahim, the Ottomans reached Belgrade. From Belgrade, Suleyman sent Ibrahim ahead
to capture the fortress of Petrovaradin. Ottoman
sappers detonated mines beneath the walls, and the Janissaries charged in, taking the
fortress while only losing 25 men. The bulk of the Ottoman army joined the strike
force, and moved on. Suleyman knew that the best place for the
Hungarians to make a stand was the mouth of the
River Drava below the town of Osijek, and so he diverted his army towards it. The town of Ilok
fell on August 8th with little resistance. When Suleyman and his army arrived where the
Drava met the Danube, he expected to come face to
face with a huge Hungarian host, but instead was
surprised to find that no enemy was there. King Louis II had mustered an army of around
25,000 men in the town of Tolna. It was made up
Hungarians, Croatians and Bohemians, with a core of men-at-arms and armoured knights. Much like Suleyman, King Louis knew the importance
of the mouth of the river Drava, and ordered his deputy, Stefan Bathory to
lead a vanguard there, and defend it at all costs. However, the nobles refused to submit to Bathory’s
command, declaring they would follow only the King himself. The vanguard plan was abandoned, and the Hungarian
King instead led his quarreling army to a field just outside
a little riverside hamlet known as Mohacs, where they awaited their enemy. On August 26th, the Ottoman host reached Mohacs,
and the two armies came face to face. The Hungarians had set up a camp between the
river Borza and Mohacs proper. They
stood in two lines, the first line being made up of 10,000 infantrymen divided into two
wings, supplemented by divisions of mounted knights. King Louis himself led the second
line, surrounded by 1,000 of his personal armoured cavalry, and the troops of his noblemen. Meanwhile, the Ottomans had managed to advance
themselves into a position well protected by woods and ridges, and set
up an encampment there. Suleyman ordered his troops in a tiered defense,
made up of three lines. The first two lines
were made up of 30,000 Rumelian and Anatolian cavalry, supplemented by 4000
Janissaries and 150 cannons. They were led by Ibrahim Pasha. The third line was led by
Sultan Suleyman himself, and was made up of 15,000 Janissaries and sipahis. They
guarded the bulk of the Ottoman artillery, which was protected by a circle of wagons. Lightly armed Akinji horsemen occupied the
left flank, close to the Hungarian line, and a
rearguard of heavy cavalry and footmen remained back in the encampment in reserve. On August the 29th, fighting began. The Hungarians were the first to strike, and
commenced their assault at 3:00 in the afternoon, knowing the Muslims in Suleyman’s
army would be occupied with their afternoon prayer. A crescendo of Hungarian artillery
fired across the battlefield. The right wing of the Hungarian first line
charged the Ottomans. The Rumelian cavalry were not prepared for
the assault, and the heavily armoured Hungarian footmen broke through the
first two lines of the Ottoman defense, and fought their way towards the Ottoman’s
third line. Inspired by this initial success, the second
line of Hungarian mounted knights charged into
battle, joining the fierce melee at the fringes and encircling the Rumelian cavalry from the
outside, pushing them back towards their camp. Meanwhile, the Hungarian left wing
stabbed at the center of the disordered Ottoman first line. The Hungarians fought bravely,
breaking through to the Sultan’s position, who was now in danger of being cut down. However, this success was unsustainable. As the Hungarians came within range of the
Ottoman wagon fortress, a volley of guns and artillery inflicted heavy damage upon the
first line. Soon after, the Janissaries formed ranks around
their Sultan, and charged the Hungarian knights, overwhelming them with
superior numbers and martial discipline. The
tide had begun to turn, after two hours of fighting, the Ottoman reserves back at camp
had finally rallied onto the battlefield and joined
the Ottoman lines. Meanwhile, the Rumelian
cavalry began to regroup. With Vizier Ibrahim at the head, the Ottomans
launched a fierce counterattack, pushing the Knights in the second line back towards
their camp. From here, the Ottoman army advanced on both
flanks to finish off the remaining foes. The Rumelian cavalry encircled the knights
from behind, while the Janissaries and reserves overwhelmed what remained of the
footmen. The Hungarians were utterly
swarmed by overwhelming Ottoman numbers, surrounded in seperate little pockets, and
massacred. The battle had ended in a great victory for
Suleyman, and a complete disaster for the Hungarians. When the battle seemed lost, King Louis had
attempted to flee. In the chaos, his horse had
thrown him into the flooded Csele brook, and his heavy armour had dragged him to a
watery grave. The Battle at Mohacs was an abject disaster
for the Hungarian Kingdom, whose government was now effectively annihilated. While sources vary, it is generally accepted
that anywhere from 14,000 to 20,000 Hungarian soldiers were slaughtered in the
initial battle, with thousands being taken prisoner and beheaded the next day. The Ottomans only lost between 1000 to 2000
men. Suleyman could not believe he’d destroyed
the entire Hungarian army so quickly; he had expected more out of a Kingdom that was once
a formidable and powerful foe. He kept his
forces stationed at Mohacs for a few days after the battle, expecting more enemy forces
to arrive. When none came, he advanced to the city of
Buda, taking it with almost no resistance. While
Suleyman ordered the city to be spared, sources claim that his army looted and burned it
anyways. The victorious Ottoman army then withdrew
back to Constantinople, carrying with them the spoils of war. After the battle, the mortified Hungarian
nobles were so divided and panicked, they elected two
new Kings simultaneously. One was Ferdinand I of Austria- brother of
the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V, the other was John Zapolya. With the support of the Habsburgs, Ferdinand
took advantage of the ensuing power vacuum and
seized Hungarian territory in Bohemia, and the northwestern part of Hungary proper. Meanwhile, Zapolya endeared himself to Suleyman,
agreeing to vassalize under the Ottomans, who became the suzerains of his realm in Transylvania. The Battle of Mohacs marked the end of Hungarian
independence, with all of its former territory now under Habsburg or Turkish dominion. For Suleyman, the victory had not created
a springboard for the invasion of Europe as
he had hoped, but instead formed a borderland between the Ottomans and the Holy Roman Empire
that set the stage for centuries of Habsburg –
Ottoman warfare. But perhaps the most significant legacy of
this defining engagement is the effect it has on the national conscience of
the Hungarian people, who to this day when faced with
bad fortune, utter the words: “More was lost at Mohacs.” We have recorded a podcast on the early structure
and administration of the Ottoman empire as an addendum to this video and you can listen
to it via the link in the description or the pinned
comment. New videos in this series are on the way,
so make sure you are subscribed to our channel and pressed the bell button. We would like to express our gratitude to
our Patreon supporters and channel members, who make the
creation of our videos possible. Now, you can
also support us by buying our merchandise via the link in the description. This is the Kings and
Generals channel, and we will catch you on the next one.

100 Comments

  1. We highly recommend you to listen to our podcast, as it explains the early history of the Ottoman administration and political institutions: http://bit.ly/2tAY1Yg Please rate it! If you want to learn more about the battle of Pavia, check out our video on it: http://bit.ly/2BNXJlc

  2. I think the Hungarian knights could have had this one if they turned left and hammered the ottoman artillery of their right flank and took the Janissaries by surprise as the canons started to turn the tide or at least done some serious damage.

  3. Great channel! Love the content. But the Vikings war of clans game is a bait n switch pay to play money grab. You cant even do what it shows in the ad. How can you accept money from blatant liars? That game was not inspired by what you said it was, it was as inspired by every other pay to win cash grab like: king of avolan, game of war, army men strike and 100's more. They are all the exact same with different skins and names. Only play that game if you want to be attacked daily and never be able to grow unless you dump thousands into it. You have been warned.

  4. This video makes it seem like the ottoman assault on hungary was a quick and isolated thing.
    This is untrue. Hungary has been at war with the Ottomans for over a century interrupted with a brief ceasfire under Mathias Corvin. This was merely the final act in a long struggle.

  5. Transylvania was not an Ottoman subject. It played swing politics between Poland Austria and the Ottomans, and would not come fully under the control of either for centuries.

  6. Even though the Turks had crushed the Hungarians and controlled Hungaria for 150 years, they were merciful towards the remaining Hungarians. They even opened an escape corridor during the heat of battle for the surrounded Hungarians; a chance to run with their lives rather than perished.. And they left the throne to a Hungarian lord which the Hungarians elected after the catastrophe. You know this to be true when Russians invaded Hungary and didn't even show no tolerance to Hungarians, although both were Christian nations; not even a 10% of the mercy the Muslim Turks had shown before. The Turks thought the slain Hungarian Army was just a vanguard and they waited for another week in the battlefield, for the actual army. When they realized there are no more enemy remained, they marched into the capital Budin, and had seen no one but Jews unescaped, and a Jew named Solomon brought the key of the city to the Suleiman, with a golden plate.

    Hungarians and Poles are two nations I highly respect from Europe.

  7. If only it had been a year later, and the pope was visiting Hungary, because they would've at least had the 189 in the SERVICE OF HEAVEN!

  8. Almost half of your information about ottoman battles in every ottoman video are inaccurate.. I could write every one of them in every video but that would be a waste of time since you keep giving anti ottoman forces more and more credits in every video about ottomans and almost none of them are deserved if you research ottoman history well..

    For example: In this particular battle hungarians did not plan anything or any sort of charge at all for that matter.. It was due to the ottoman tactics that they inflicted very minor casulties at ottomans and those casulties are max. 1000 .. Also Suleiman did not expect any reinforcements for hungarians to keep him waiting at mohacs for 3 days. That's because hungarian king drowned at the river near mohacs after the battle. You think the guy almost conquers half of europe ( if only it was not for bad weather at vienna .. ) and can't think about that.. Just make just with your videos so people can learn ottoman history properly.. ( You can check everything i said out in online history searching and see all of them are true ) Your videos are really good but just make sure your information is accurate..

  9. Birşey paylaşıyorsunuz adam akıllı paylaşın oradaki Askeri rakamlar hiçte inandırıcı değil ! Ayrıca bu savaşın 2 saat sürdüğünü belirtmek isterim 😀

  10. Given how unwilling the Hungarians were to unite, I used to joke the sultan must have been shocked to find a bunch of squabbling lords doing the heavy work of conquest for him

  11. ⁦🇹🇷⁩⁦🇹🇷⁩⁦🇹🇷⁩⁦🇹🇷⁩⁦🇹🇷⁩⁦🇹🇷⁩⁦⚔️⁩⁦🇹🇷⁩⁦🇹🇷⁩⁦🇹🇷⁩⁦🇹🇷⁩⁦🇹🇷⁩⁦🇹🇷⁩
    الله اكبر الله اكبر الله اكبر تحيا الدولة الإسلامية والعثمانية والله مانصر المسلمين

  12. The Hungarian army of 25,000 knew that it was going to die, so a letter was sent to the Pope to camp in Tolna to sanctify the army, also leading him to the sins of the Hungarian aristocracy (1514 Dózsa uprising)

  13. 🇹🇷🇹🇷🇹🇷🇹🇷💪💪💪💪🇹🇷🇹🇷🇹🇷🇹🇷

    Shortest battle won in world military history! Ottomans destroyed Hungarian army within 1.5 hours only! Unlike what is told in this video Hungarian army was 2 times more than the Ottomans in number . At the beginning of the war there was a tactical retreat bringing Hungarian army in range of 300 Ottoman cannons. Firing cannons simultaneously destroyed heavy cavalry of Hungarians! After this battle Sultan Süleyman appointed the new Hungarian King and Hungary became under Ottoman rule for the next 150 years!

  14. Meanwhile Hungary was defending Europe almost alone at this point now for 150 years against islam armies gathered from the whole Middle East the european countries fought each other (sacking of Rome 1527). At Mohács hungary lost its sovereignty for the coming 500 years. Not to mention france who was seeking alliance with the ottomans… what an outrage.

  15. For the people who is hating us for this battle ; We Turks didnt lived in that time and ı will not apoligise for what has been done. Its history of my nation which ı am proud of. Conquering europe was our red apple our goal our ambition in that time. Now we choose different goal for me its democracy,secularism and gender equality.

  16. 3:40 It's not "Fransızların da yaptığı gibi. .." in Turkish subtitle, it should be "Fransızların da istediği gibi…", correct it please because the first one means "like French did" as if French conquered Hungary. It may cause misunderstandings. It should be the second translation of mine exactly which means "like French wished".

  17. Did really 70.000 farmers captured and tortured in civil war? Wtf. Isn't it a huge number for those ages and even today it's very hard, to torture 70.000 people. Someone pls enlighten me.

  18. cannons in that early peroid
    had a drawback in which moving them very difficult and range of fire weak , ottomons exploited that most of armies in that days still fight with old tactic heavy calvery and heavy armored infantry and fight with confrontation so what they did , to fortified and let the enemy came and confronted them with artillry and if they didnt come lured them to which the canon found , that strategy europians armies cant understood until 1600 , when europian armis became regular army not depend on nobles soldiers

  19. مضحك والله التركي كان يكتب التاريخ لنفسه والعربي ااحمار يضرب السيف والله. عالم غريب

  20. suleiman was a bad commander. he won always with big losses except for mohacs of course. the reason he won like this was because lajos cunt was a rookie

  21. 🇹🇷⚔🇹🇷⚔🇹🇷⚔🇹🇷⚔🇹🇷⚔🇹🇷⚔🇹🇷⚔🇹🇷⚔🇹🇷⚔🇹🇷⚔🇹🇷⚔🇹🇷⚔🇹🇷⚔🇹🇷⚔🇹🇷⚔🇹🇷⚔🇹🇷⚔🇹🇷⚔🇹🇷⚔🇹🇷⚔🇹🇷⚔🇹🇷💪💪💪💪💪💪💪💪💪💪💪💪💪💪💪💪💪💪💪💪💪💪💪💪💪💪💪🤺🤺🤺🤺🤺🤺🤺🤺🤺🤺🤺🤺🤺🤺🤺 VS 🇧🇬🇬🇷🇭🇺🇷🇸🇦🇩🇷🇴

  22. You pronounce Francis the French way yet Francis is the Anglified version of his name,if you want to correctly refer to him you should use François not Francis with a funny English accent,don't want to be pedant or anything,just sayin'.

  23. I disagree with you in some things .
    1. The reason of this battle is that the Hungarian king killed the messanger of the Sultan Solyman .
    2. The Ottoman army was 100000 and the Hungarian army (the European army) was 200000 .
    The Hungarian army attacked the Ottoman army from the middle .

  24. المعلومات التاريخية الموثوقة تشير إلى غير ما قلتم في هذا الفيديو والشرح والتفصيل لهذه المعركة غير صحيح والكذب بائن في سياق الكلام والشرح والسبب الطعن في السلطان سليمان القانوني والخلافة العثمانية

  25. sulieman was a bad man killibg our people will not create stsbility in his empire his fayer was a pschopath and his son was a drunkard he killed his own sons .

  26. sulieman was an idiot he wanted throne so bad it desroyed thw ottoman empure internally he sent gold to france and protestants later hisnown kkngdom was destroyed reason economy

  27. Even Richard the lion heart whooped Saladin in every battle and Saladin was in tears and ready to abandon Jerusalem but the very next day Richard pulled back because of problems in his own lands but one more week and Saladin would have run for his life

  28. Our Hungarian and Bulgaria and polish brothers are once again the bulwark against these invaders much love from Scotland guys keep up the great work

  29. The Ottomans were in reality the rejuvinated Byzantine Empire/Eastern Roman Empire, whereas the Hungarians were "village idiots on horses". The result was inevitable……..but they can wrap it up as Christian v Muslim or Tengri v Zeus or whatever silly fairy tale they want.

  30. What great lies you offer here
    The Hungarians were over numbered the ottoman's army beside where are your historical resources?

  31. Sona doğru söyledikleriniz baştan aşağı yalan… o zamanki macar kralının korkak bir piç olduğunu bütün tarihçiler bilir…

  32. 13:12

    Straight up burned Buda and left, savage as fuck 💀

    Hungarians: WHAT JUST HAPPENED! AHHHHH!

    Suleiman: Back to Constantinople I go! Told Hurrem I’d be back before dinner!

  33. Master mind of this battle, the Grand Vizier Ibrahim was actually an Italian-Greek converted boy. Isn't it funny? Somehow Rome oriented commanders are the best commanders of history.

  34. This channel seems to be trying to tell people not why Ottomans win all the wars they win but what calamity fell upon ottoman rivals to weaken them to make it an easy target for ottoman empire, looks like Ottoman empire had a series of extremely lucky coincidences for 600 years

  35. Sultan suleyman of the House Ottoman, the First of His Name, sultan of East Europe, Anatolia and the Arab world. The rightful king of the Seven Kingdoms and Protector of the Realm, Breaker of Chains and father of Dragons,regent of the realm !!!!

  36. Big mistake, you dont name a hungarian leader Voivod wich is a romanian title. Big big mistake.John Zapolya was King and Prince of Hungary and you made him a Voivod. You know nothing about european history.

  37. Bu savaşla alakalı net Osmanlı kaynaklanndan bilgiler olmasına rağmen kullanılmamış. Meşhur Macar Süvarilerin Osmanlı sağ kanatını sarma teşebbüslerini, öncesinde tahmin eden Osmanlı kurmaylarının arabalar yığarak engellemesi savaşın kritik anlarındandır. Ayrıca kendisini Savaşın ortasında bulunan Aultan Süleyman da bizzat kılıç kullanmış ve kıyasıya savaşmıştır.

  38. De ici on voit bine que La France c est 0 .. a trahi l europ poru les musulamn…Et meme en 2020 fait la meme ………Merci pour trianon France Chatolique merci por tout tfuuuuuuuu ………. Vivire la Hongrie vire Horty Miklos vivre Orban

  39. Csodálkozik hogy nyílt csatában lever minket? Úgy tényleg könnyű hogy 80000 katona harcol 25000 ellen. Semmi esélyünk nem volt de legalább megpróbáltuk sikertelenül.

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